+27 81 818 4225. No need to register, buy now! to a range of about five to 10 millimeters, these African spiders will eject silk all over the helpless creatures, paralyzing them and then attacking them with a disabling bite. Found mostly in the scrublands, savannas, and grasslands all over the continent, we know these African spiders as common tarantulas, and indeed they are of the subfamily species. Found over the African continent but especially in the southern countries, Deino the Ogre spider carries an amount of venom which can kill an insect or small bird, but not a human. Animals and foodstuffs also suffer though, with untold financial damages incurred. As allot of these spiders are night dwellers, be sure to check your child for bite sites in the morning, especially if you are in an area that’s home to a large number of venomous spiders. 1. Protecting businesses and homes in South Africa from Pests for 50 Years. Black and Yellow Garden Spider (Argiope australis), female, Silvermine, Table Mountain National Park, SA The Black and Yellow Garden Spider (Argiope australis) is a common spider found in in the fynbos and is a member of the orb-web group of spiders. But try not to worry of all the spiders commonly found in South Africa, only a few are harmful to humans. The male spider has various red or red and white marks on the upper part of the abdomen while the female does not have any bright markings. Transport the victim to hospital without delay. +27 21 418 9462, Experiential Booking CMS But perhaps they are best known for their ability to “hiss,” which they do by forcing air through openings on each segment of their abdomen, hence their rather apt name. Rabbits beware: one bite can kill you in a few hours. … : 15 Edible African Bugs from the outer edge. 2 Some possess a pair of red spots on their back while others do not have markings at all. Okay, Eva the Evarcha doesn’t directly suck from your neck like Dracula, but instead deliberately hunts out female mosquitoes which have fed on human vertebrae blood. There are members of this genus in Africa, but they actually look quite different. The list follows the SANBI listing on iNaturalist, and does not always agree with WoRMS for distribution. • Black Widow/Button Spider: Probably the most well-known South African spider, it is identified by the red hourglass shape on its shiny black body. Africa hosts 15 species all over the land, and their webs are normally spun under rock or logs. She spins an irregular web between grass or stones. Button Spiders have round abdomens with slender legs. Black widows live in dark places and are found throughout South Africa. While it’s rare that grown humans die from these fangs, the intense muscular pain and paralysis as a result of their venom entering the bloodstream is of high concern, and old folks and kids are at a great risk of death. They’re also known as button spiders and have a black round abdomen with a red hourglass-shaped marking. Not only can it sting you with its impressive tail, it can also “spray” droplets of poison at you as well. These black spiders with red dots are some of the most venomous house spiders in North America. It also spins the largest web in the world, stretching anchor lines across rivers up to 82 feet in length. 15 Stunning But Dangerous African Flowers. The best advice, in general, is to leave them alone. To increase your affinity towards this creepster: it craves human blood! There is a small positive in all this, however: in some cases the ants actually act as pest control, by devouring rats and other pests. It is home to the Zulus being the largest black tribe in the country and named aptly after them. They're an integral part of our natural ecosystems and play an invaluable role in controlling pests. These spiders are harmless to man. Found mostly in the Namib and Kalahari deserts, it will bury itself in the sands and then lash out at its prey, although this is rare, as Six-Eye can live without food or drink for at least a year. Black Widow spiders prefer building their webs near the ground, on the underside of ledges, plants, rocks, debris, outdoor furniture, railings, woodpiles or stone walls—any dry and dark place where they can build a web. . 220 East Pier Road Therefore, knowing what these Arachnoid kings and queens are all about, how to identify them and what to do if you, or someone you know, get bitten makes all the difference. Salticids are mostly small spiders between 2mm and 8mm (depending on the species) with only Holcolaetus zuluensis and Hyllus treleaveni as large as 17mm. However, there are no recorded human fatalities to date. During SANSA II a total of 116 new species were discovered and described and another 50 are in the process of being described. farm near Sannieshof North West. The next moment a spider pop up from another hole. FIG. Various questions ended up with we do not know either. It is known for being one of the most common African spiders to bite humans, as it is also a home invader that looks for dark warm areas like a bed. Perhaps not so much terrifying as purely riveting, the silk from this spider found in Madagascar is the toughest biological material ever studied. Darwini chooses to catch her prey above bodies of water, utilizing an area unused by all the other spiders who tend to spin their webs on dry land. The entire body and legs of this spider found mostly Sub-Saharan regions are colored yellow, but it can be easily distinguished because of its black face. In Africa, most Button Spiders occur in southern Africa, as well on the islands of Madagascar and Cape Verde. Especially with South African ‘spider season’ being upon us with spiders and spider bites in South Africa increasing during the warm summer months, it’s more important than ever to be aware and prepared! Here are a couple of important preventative tips for spider and spider bites in South Africa that parents can implement to protect their children against spider bites: Cape Town Helicopters However, there are actually only three spiders that are of medical interest, these are spiders that are venomous to humans. Nocturnal in their living habits, they derive their name from their thick furry fingers which resemble a baboon’s finger. Found in Uganda and Kenya, this multi-eyed terror prefers to stalk its prey rather than spin a web and bide its time. Countries in Africa; Regions in Africa; Regions in Southern Africa; Cities in Southern Africa; Provinces in South Africa; First Aid for Snakebite; Infographics; Medically Important Snakes; Kids Posters; Scorpions; Spiders; Species Profiles. Spiders; how to get rid of spiders; How to Get Rid of Spiders . But is it innocent or guilty as charged? Though she loves to munch on mayflies, not humans, it would still be the stuff of nightmares to row your canoe into one of her webs. Antidotes are in every South African hospital, as a bite from the Button constitutes a medical emergency. Sources: darlingtonschool.org, nationalgeographic.com, goafrica.about.com, biodiversityexplorer.org. We normally catch them and then throw them out into the garden. But that certainly doesn’t mean the rest of us are immune to this danger, children however have a higher risk of developing complications from a venomous spider bite, and extra precautions should thus be taken. Other species include the European black widows (Latrodectus tredecimguttatus), Australian redback black widows (Latrodectus hasseltii), and South African button spiders. The most infamous spider in South Africa, the black widow has a neurotoxic venom which is acutely poisonous. Popping up frequently in Southern African homes around the season of the summer rains, these African spiders look absolutely terrifying, but their venom is weak and unlikely to adversely affect humans. KZN has a very large English speaking community, because historically many British settlers made KZN their new home. Black widow. Took the garden hose and open the tap as wide as possible. The saucer eyes peer into your soul and the formidable fangs wait to cling on to you. This group is composed of those often loosely called black widow spiders, brown widow spiders, and similar spiders. Most ‘spider bites’ are not spider bites but wounds caused by infections and other invertebrates. they are really scary looking. Title: Spiders of Southern Africa Authors: John Leroy; Astri Leroy Struik Publishers Cape Town, South Africa 2003 ISBN 9781868729449 Softcover, 15x21 cm, 96 pages, many colour photos. That’s because this vision of hell is the one we’ve been warned about all our lives: Black Widow!! South Africa is home to over 3,000 known species of spiders, many of which are found in our homes, gardens and natural surroundings. Tamas Lelkes says: May 29, 2015 at 6:45 am. From the top to the bottom of Africa, you can find the Spitting Spider, harmless to humans but unsightly to behold. The black widow spider can grow up to 0.39 inches in size while some female measure about 0.51 inches in body length. Also known as the Transvaal thick-tailed scorpion, this critter is happily nocturnal, so your chances of seeing it in daytime are lessened. Black Widow / Brown Widow: AKA Button Spider: Seek immediate medical care if your child: Put a cool wet cloth on the bite site to relieve swelling and pain, Develops any kind of rash following a spider bite, The bite site starts to show signs of infection (redness, swelling, warmth, pain, pus), You suspect that your child has been bitten by a black widow spider and/or any other extremely venomous spider. The legs are long and thin, with the third pair characteristically shorter than the rest. In case you were wondering, “Sicarius” means “murderer” in Latin. They rarely wander into houses, and most bites occur when the spider are disturbed in its hiding place. The venom of these spiders is highly neurotoxic, and females have the potential to kill a child or an infirm adult. Black button spiders in southern Africa do not have the red double-isosceles-triangle marking under the abdomen but can have a variety of pretty red and gold markings on the upper side, fading in older individuals to a dull red dot above the spinnerets. Spiders and spider bites in South Africa: What parents need to know: South Africa’s BIG 5 of dangerous spiders: 2. Spiders are most likely to enter your home in the autumn in search of a warm place to spend the winter. Perhaps this is because you may see a bulb of light skittering its way along the ground, which is just because this spider is shiny and glabrous (a scientific word for ‘without hair’). Believe it or not, these are popular as pets, and can live up to five years in captivity. Make sure your outhouses, garages, attics, windowsills, corners etc. And with malaria becoming resistant to previously effective forms of treatment, you would be wise to exercise extremely careful precautions while travelling in malaria prone regions of Africa. May I be the first person to say on behalf of all arachnophobes, nope. Conduct a thorough inspection of your child after they have been playing in areas that are prone to spiders and spider webs. Then I decide to do something. We are the authority on African travel information, advice, bookings and reviews on destinations from Cairo to Cape Town. In Africa, respect and reverence should be paid not only to the large stampeding creatures (elephants, hippos and so forth), but also to the smallest. Should you visit and run into any of these African spiders and creepy crawlies — which range from beautiful to hideous, harmful to terrifying, harmless to interesting– it’s best to proceed with caution! Violin spider: Getting bitten by spider in bed is extremely rare. Latrodectus is a broadly distributed genus of spiders with several species that, together, are referred to as true widows. Southern Africa has well over 2,200 known species of spiders with very few that are of medical importance. I have found a lot of holes in my grass lately and did not know what it was. The preferred habitat is the forest, so an overturned rock, log, or plant could find one of them. The Jumping Spider is getting the flak for all the local bites. Although it is relatively easy to avoid the massive columns, occasionally the very young or elderly find themselves in the way of the ants, and fall victim at a rate of about 25 a year. 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